Industrial experience and research into the causes of SARS virus transmission in a high-rise residential housing estate in Hong Kong

This report provides very practical insights as to how SARS-CoV is understood to have been transmitted among residents of a high-rise residential housing estate during the SARS outbreak in 2003. This transmission led to a localised outbreak (or ‘hotspot’) in the Amoy Gardens housing estate, in Hong Kong. It provides an important assessment of practicesContinue reading “Industrial experience and research into the causes of SARS virus transmission in a high-rise residential housing estate in Hong Kong”

The source and fate of pandemic viruses in the urban water cycle

This paper was produced by Dr Krista Rule Wigginton, Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Michigan and two students under her supervision (Y. Ye and R.M. Ellenberg). It was commissioned by the Editors of the Royal Society of Chemistry journal “Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology” asContinue reading “The source and fate of pandemic viruses in the urban water cycle”

Survival of surrogate coronaviruses in water (2009)

This study was motivated by previous reports that faecal contaminated liquid droplets are a potential vehicle for the spread of viruses such as SARS-CoV. This study evaluated survival of two surrogate coronaviruses: transmissible gastroenteritis (TGEV) and mouse hepatitis (MHV) The test waters used in this study included: Reagent-grade water, produced by treatment with reverse osmosisContinue reading “Survival of surrogate coronaviruses in water (2009)”

Excretion and detection of SARS coronavirus and its nucleic acid from digestive system (2005)

The aim of this study was to assess whether SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) could be excreted from the human digestive system. It was reported in the World Journal of Gastroenterology in 2005. Cell culture and semi-nested RT-PCR were used to detect SARS-CoV and its RNA from 21 stool and urine samples, and a kind of electropositiveContinue reading “Excretion and detection of SARS coronavirus and its nucleic acid from digestive system (2005)”

Study on the resistance of severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (2005)

The virus responsible for the 2002/03 coronavirus outbreak (SARS-CoV) was reported to be detected in faeces, urine and water. The inactivation of SARS-CoV in wastewater with chlorine-based disinfectants, sodium hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide was also studied. The researchers demonstrated that the virus could persist for 2 days in hospital wastewater, domestic sewage and dechlorinated tapContinue reading “Study on the resistance of severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (2005)”

Concentration and detection of SARS coronavirus in sewage from Xiao Tang Shan hospital and the 309th Hospital of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (2005)

A global outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) occurred in 2002/03. This outbreak was caused by the virus which became known as “SARS-CoV”. This is not the same virus as “SARS-CoV-2”, responsible for COVID-19, but it is a very close relative. As such, many of the studies undertaken to understand the fate of SARS-CoVContinue reading “Concentration and detection of SARS coronavirus in sewage from Xiao Tang Shan hospital and the 309th Hospital of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (2005)”