Research Needs for Wastewater Handling in Virus Outbreak Response

This paper is the fourth and final scientific opinion piece, published as a non-peer reviewed contribution to the Environmental Science and Technology virtual issue on the fate and behaviour of enveloped viruses in the environment. The authors are Kyle Bibby (University of Pittsburgh, USA), Nathalia Aquino de Carvalho (University of Pittsburgh, USA), and Krista WiggintonContinue reading “Research Needs for Wastewater Handling in Virus Outbreak Response”

Can a Paper-Based Device Trace COVID-19 Sources with Wastewater-Based Epidemiology?

This is another short “scientific opinion” paper, produced for inclusion in the recent Environmental Science and Technology virtual issue on the fate and behaviour of enveloped viruses in the environment. These scientific opinion pieces are non-peer reviewed, but are written by recognised experts in their field and should be viewed as a means to stimulatingContinue reading “Can a Paper-Based Device Trace COVID-19 Sources with Wastewater-Based Epidemiology?”

SARS-CoV-2: What is its fate in urban water cycles and how can the water research community respond?

This paper is an “Editorial Perspective” published in the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) journal “Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology”*. The authors are Vincenzo Naddeo (University of Salerno Italy) and Haizhou Liu (University of California at Riverside, USA). The paper is made free to all readers as part of the RSC collection on coronaContinue reading “SARS-CoV-2: What is its fate in urban water cycles and how can the water research community respond?”

SARS-CoV-2–Positive Sputum and Feces After Conversion of Pharyngeal Samples in Patients With COVID-19

This study was reported as a letter to the scientific journal Annals of Internal Medicine on 30 March 2020. The authors report the outcomes of testing for SARS-CoV-2 RNA in sputum and faecal samples from COVID-19 patients after their apparent recovery, which was indicated by throat swabs no longer testing positive. The key finding wasContinue reading “SARS-CoV-2–Positive Sputum and Feces After Conversion of Pharyngeal Samples in Patients With COVID-19”

Survival of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (2005)

This research paper was published in 2005 and relates to SARS-CoV (responsible for the 2002/03 SARS outbreak), not SARS-CoV-2 (responsible for COVID-19). However, since these two viruses are closely related, it is insightful to observe what is known about the former, in order to consider what may be possible (or even likely) for the latter.Continue reading “Survival of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (2005)”

An Imperative Need for Research on the Role of Environmental Factors in Transmission of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

On this blog, we have previously highlighted the recently produced open access Environmental Science and Technology ‘virtual issue’, collating numerous years of research on the fate and behaviour of enveloped viruses in the environment. This virtual issue includes a current “scientific opinion” (non-peer reviewed) piece by four researchers, Guangbo Qu (Chinese Academy of Sciences), XiangdongContinue reading “An Imperative Need for Research on the Role of Environmental Factors in Transmission of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)”

Inactivation of the coronavirus that induces severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS-CoV

One thing that is well understood about SARS-CoV-2 is that it is closely related to SARS-CoV. The limited amount of research that is available (see previous posts on this blog) indicate that the inactivation of SARS-CoV in the environment, and in response to various disinfection practices is a reasonable surrogate for the inactivation of SARS-CoV-2.Continue reading “Inactivation of the coronavirus that induces severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS-CoV”

Water Research X has issued a call for papers for a Special Issue on health related viruses in natural and engineered water systems

The open access academic journal Water Research X has issued a call for papers for a forthcoming Special Issue on “health related viruses in natural and engineered water systems”. This Special Issue is focused on the fate and modes of transmission of health related viruses in urban and natural water systems; the scope includes researchContinue reading “Water Research X has issued a call for papers for a Special Issue on health related viruses in natural and engineered water systems”

Dutch scientists recover SARS-CoV-2 RNA from untreated sewage

The possibility of monitoring the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in sewers has been flagged as an important research opportunity (most recently here). Many people are familiar with the idea of monitoring the presence of illicit drugs in sewage as a means of determining temporal and spatial patterns of drug use in communities. A directly analogousContinue reading “Dutch scientists recover SARS-CoV-2 RNA from untreated sewage”

Environmental Engineers and Scientists have Important Roles to Play in Stemming Outbreaks and Pandemics Caused by Enveloped Viruses

As described in our previous post, the journal Environmental Science and Technology have released a virtual issue providing an “Overview of Research on the Fate and Behaviour of Enveloped Viruses in the Environment”. That virtual issue was guest-edited by Alexandria B. Boehm and Krista R. Wigginton, two leading researchers on the fate of viruses inContinue reading “Environmental Engineers and Scientists have Important Roles to Play in Stemming Outbreaks and Pandemics Caused by Enveloped Viruses”